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7 Top Robotics Programming Languages Of 2022

Robotics is one of the most productive implementations of science & technology. The field is vast and intricate, with applications in almost all business sectors. All robots, from the simplest object manipulators found in plants & industries to the unimaginably advanced ones like Honda ASIMO & Boston Dynamics Atlas & Big Dog, are a fantastic amalgamation of hardware and software, with the programmed software controlling the hardware & consequentially everything a robot does.

So, how does a robot work? And what is robotics programming? Which programming languages are the most popular in robotics? This article explores.

Robotics Programming Languages

Robotic programming is what imparts a robot its behavior and makes it appear intelligent. The programs determine how the robot’s sensors will gather & process data and delivers the outputs necessary for actuation.

There are quite a few robotic programming languages, each with features, strengths, limitations, and specific use cases. MATLAB is a popular name in robotics programming courses. With many libraries & add-ons, MATLAB is more challenging to master than its counterparts, compelling many to look for online MATLAB assignment help.

Besides MATLAB, the most popular robotic programming languages are C++, C, and Python, three lightweight and highly versatile languages that bring overhead. At the same time, workhorses such as Pascal, though labeled outdated, still serve as the backbone for different robotic operating systems & even tailor-made, proprietary languages developed by leading robot companies.

Well, it is time we looked at today’s 8 major robotics programming languages.

Eight Exceptional Programming Languages In 2022

Before we begin, one key thing to note is that almost all the eight robotic programming languages discussed below are used in the other software applicational domains. The only exceptions are Verilog and VHDL, two of the most popular hardware description languages. HDLs are much more barebones, given their focus nature, and are used to describe circuits using words & symbols. They are used in conjunction with FPGAs in microcontroller programming.

Let’s start from the oldest and count down to the most potent & popular.


This is one of the first programming languages used in robotic programming systems. Many consider it outdated and inadequate, but Pascal is the foundation of numerous other languages used to design & manipulate industrial robots.

Pascal is an excellent place for novice robotic engineers to start. The language is based on the BASIC programming language with features & functionalities that encourage clean programming practices. Unfortunately, since Pascal’s birth, several versatile & feature-rich languages have come up, rendering Pascal redundant and obsolete. However, learning it is the best place to start for aspiring robotic programmers.

Pascal programming is a bit outdated and can have a steep learning curve for most. But you can find professional programming assistance from major online academic services that offer various programming help services such as MATLAB assignment help, C/C++ assignment help, etc.


Developed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Scratch is used by numerous budding young robotic aspirants worldwide. Scratch is a highly visual language designed for young learners and new programmers. It is the language of choice in robotics technology classes in schools and both amateur & professional robotics clubs.

Scratch is highly intuitive, thanks to its visual nature. It involves dragging around blocks representing modules and connecting to attain different objectives. When it comes to robotics, Scratch is incredibly popular for absolute beginners and may very well pave the way for future robotics engineers.


Nearly all robotic manufacturers have their specific programming languages. Pascal forms the basis of most of them, but you will have to learn new programming languages anytime you work with a new robotics brand.

Some prominent examples of proprietary robotics programming languages are:

  • ABB’s RAPIDprograming language
  • KUKA’s KRLor Kuka Robotic Language
  • Comau’s PDL2
  • Yaskawa’s INFORM
  • Kawasaki’s AS
  • Fanuc Robots Karel
  • Staubli Robot’s VAL3
  • Universal Robot’s URScript

In recent years, many general-purpose programming languages and other agnostic, standardized options have come up. But, if you are working with a particular manufacturer, you will work with a proprietary language.


LISP and Prolog are not new languages but have gained renewed prominence thanks to the resurgence of AI. LISP is the world’s second-largest programming language, right after FORTRAN. IBM used Prolog to design the Watson AI.

The resurgence of AI and its close association & integration with robotics has inadvertently led to the implementation of LISP and Prolog in robotics systems.


Hardware description languages are application-specific programming languages for circuit design and control. HDLs such as Verilog and VHDL are primarily used by electronic engineers and circuit designers who design low-level electronics for robotics systems.

  • Robot Design & Programming Using Verilog HDL 

HDLs are generally used in tandem with Field-Programmable Gate Arrays. Together, they help design and develop electronic hardware systems without the need to design silicon processor chips from Scratch. However, you will have to use HDLs when designing robotic electronics. This is because they are somewhat different than other programming languages, with a key difference being the ability to run operations in parallel.


Matlab is extremely popular among robotics engineers & programmers. In addition, MATLAB is a versatile language used in many applicational fields, such as AI & signal processing, and across significant university robotics courses.

MATLAB offers a convenient and feature-rich library called Robotics Toolbox that offers a host of functionalities. Experienced robotics engineers have been able to develop entire, complex robotics systems using MATLAB and its libraries.

MATLAB programming assignments in robotics can seem tough to novice programmers. Therefore, it is best to seek MATLAB assignment writing help from professional MATLAB assignment helpers in case of any continual difficulty.

  • Python

Currently, the most popular programming language, Python, is lightweight, easy to master, based on C, and comes with batteries included, that is, with a giant number of standard & third-party libraries. Widely used in data science and statistical learning, Python is fast gaining popularity in the field of robotics. As a result, more and more robotics systems & electronics are implementing Python, and the language acts as a bridge between AI and robotics.

  • C/C++

And, finally, here are the numero uno programming languages in robotics. C and C++ are essential in robotics and systems programming. They are lightweight languages that lie between high- and low-level abstractions in software & electronics systems.

C and C++ can interact with low-level hardware, enable real-time performance, and have a large number of both proprietary & open-source robotics libraries written in them. However, C and C++ are not as easy to master as Python or MATLAB, but their versatility & abilities make them critical languages in robotics programming.

And that wraps up this write-up. Hope it was an informative read for one and all. Robotic systems programming is a complica ted domain, and you should not think twice before seeking professional help anytime you think you could use some. Just seek assistance from a professional MATLAB assignment help service or similar programming assignment help service of repute.

All the best!

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